Reading and Phonics

Reading Scheme at St Mary’s


Our reading scheme at St Mary’s Primary School contains a wide variety of different books from different publishers. The books are colour coded according to ability for pupils from Foundation Level up to upper Key Stage 2 or advanced readers, using the 'Book Band' categorisation scheme. The bands are used as an approximate estimate given the range of material we use in the school. In Reception through Years 1 and 2, the children have additional allocated Home Reading books that are directly matched to their Phonics learning level.

If you wish to know more about your child’s home readers please contact the school directly.


Phonics at St Mary’s

In St Mary’s School we follow the National Curriculum ‘Letters and Sounds’ scheme of work. This is supported with a variety of resources: Jolly Phonics in EYFS, (Click on the link at the bottom for the actions you can do with your child to reinforce each new sound at home),Rapid phonics, TES phonics and Phonics Play in Key Stage 1 (and lower Key Stage 2, as appropriate)

This follows 6 phases of spellings. When children come into Nurser y they will begin at Phase 1 which deals mainly with Communication, Language and Literacy area of learning. In particular, it will support linking sounds and letters in the order in which they occur in words, and naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet.

Children entering Phase Two will have experienced a wealth of listening activities, including songs, stories and rhymes. They will be able to distinguish between speech sounds and many will be able to blend and segment words orally.


Children entering Phase Three will know around 19 letters and be able to blend phonemes to read VC words and segment VC words to spell. While many children will be able to read and spell CVC words, they all should be able to blend and segment CVC words orally.

Children entering Phase Four will be able to represent each of 42 phonemes by a grapheme, and be able to blend phonemes to read CVC words and segment CVC words for spelling. They will have some experience in reading simple two-syllable words and captions. They will know letter names and be able to read and spell some tricky words.

Children entering Phase Five are able to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants and some polysyllabic words.

By the beginning of Phase Six, children should know most of the common grapheme– phoneme correspondences (GPCs). They should be able to read hundreds of words, doing this in three ways:

■ reading the words automatically if they are very familiar;

■ decoding them quickly and silently because their sounding and blending routine is now well established;

■ decoding them aloud.

Click on the link below for the complete list of phonics sounds and tricky words...